We have seen a wide range of batteries with lithium-ion technology. It is because of the different uses and applications of li-ion batteries in almost every industry. From mobile phones to automobiles, every small and big device requires a battery to function. However, have you ever thought how does a battery perform all these functions effectively?
Today, we are going to discuss everything about the composition of a lithium battery to help you understand its technology.
Almost every lithium-ion battery in the world has four main parts. These parts are Anode, Cathode, separator, and Electrolyte. No matter how powerful the battery you use, these four components are the source of energy for them. From a toy to the electric cars, everything runs on the four parts that we have mentioned above.
The material coated on the cathode terminal determines the battery voltage and power. Hence, it is a crucial battery of every li-ion battery. It helps in releasing lithium ions with its properties. In simple words, a battery with a large number of ions will have more capacity than a battery with a small number of ions.
The simple way to understand its composition is by starting with Lithium itself. The Metal part of the lithium works as the cathode of the battery. The Cathode (metal lithium) gives the battery its characteristics after going through a reaction with the Electrolyte. However, as you may know, that lithium is highly reactive with oxygen, it is usually the lithium oxide that forms the cathode. Hence, the representation of the Liion battery composition is done with the lithium oxide.
As for the Anode part, the separator helps in keeping it away from the cathode to maintain the potential difference between them. Potential difference is the difference between the charges of the anode and cathode. Higher the difference, the higher the current. Another reason to use separator is to ensure the safety of the battery and the appliance
The lithium-ion batteries come in different sizes and shapes. They have been serving the people with applications include power storage and portable power sourcing. These batteries are the most popular and common in the market. There is a high demand due to its durability and convenience.
Lithium-ion batteries are an instant source of power for any portable device you want.
We all have dozens of appliances that work on lithium-ion batteries at our home or office. However, we hardly think about the application of these batteries.
Here are some of the applications that you can observe in your daily life:
Most of the devices require a battery to work. The lithium-ion rechargeable batteries help to power the appliances conveniently. They are light in weight and easy to carry, making it one of the most reliable sources for electrical gadgets.
The most common use of lithium batteries is in UPS. They are a great source of instant power in case of an emergency or a power cut. Most of the electrical appliances require a UPS to avoid any power cut that may damage the hardware of the device. One another very important use of UPS equipped with a Lithium battery to ensure no power cut for emergency services and situations.
In the last few years, we have seen a drastic change in the electric vehicle industry. These vehicles work on lithium-ion batteries and require a continuous source of electricity. Lithium batteries help EV manufacturer to achieve their objective of provided ECO-friendly Transportation.
Personal utilities like hearing aid, wheelchair, and scooters can use a lithium battery for the convenience of a disabled person. It is one of the most important applications of Liion batteries. These are ideal batteries to use in personal utility because there are no harmful chemicals in this battery. On the other hand, lead batteries can cause some damage to an individual’s health in case of a short-circuit.
Earlier, battery design and shape was the key deciding factor in electronic device design. However, with the advancement in technology, we can produce the battery in any shape we want. The increasing customer demands require companies to produce batteries in small and thin size. Although there are many advanced technologies to create small batteries, the companies need to put continuous efforts to find more effective solutions.
Every industry is trying to provide all the features in a smaller device. Devices such as Laptops, smartphones, power banks require a powerful battery that does not take much space. Hence, the lithium-ion battery is a reliable solution to fulfill all these demands of the leading industries.